What is Oolong Tea?

What is Oolong Tea?

2 minute read

Oolong Tea's History:

Oolong tea has been grown in China and Taiwan since the 1600s. Oolongs have a wide variety of flavors--from light to full bodied, floral to grassy, and sweet to toasty. Just like white, green and black tea, it comes from the Camellia Sinensis plant. What differentiates an Oolong from any other type of tea is the process that it goes through and its corresponding oxidation level. (Oxidation is what happens when the tea leaves are exposed to fresh air. This dries and darkens the leaves, and alters its chemical composition—accounting for the differences between each tea type.

How is Oolong made?

After Oolong tea is picked, it is withered and then shaken, the most characteristic step. The shaking gently bruises the leaves, furthering the oxidation process and causing cellular changes. The best tea producers shake the leaves in such a way that only the edges bruise, leaving a slight redness around the edges. After withering and shaking, the tea is fried in a dry wok to kill the green enzyme that makes it bitter and to arrest oxidation. Next, the tea is rolled or twisted to produce striped or balled oolong. Finally, the tea is roasted dry to seal in the freshness, with some oolong undergoing a second roasting to deepen the aroma and flavor.


Oolong Tea Caffeine

Oolong teas are partially oxidized.) A lightly oxidized Oolong might have caffeine levels similar to a green tea, while a highly oxidized Oolong might have caffeine levels similar to a black tea. But caffeine content is individual to each Oolong, so be sure to ask your local tea master if you want to be sure.

Oolong Tea & Weight Loss

Oolong’s unique blend of polyphenols (micronutrients originating from certain plants) can help to induce weight loss, and also promote the growth of good bacteria in the gut. Oolong contains even more antioxidants than green tea, boosts the immune system and metabolism, and is anti-inflammatory.


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